Tools and Techniques Utilized in Agriculture Technology
Agriculture technology or agribusiness is the application of technology in agriculture, forestry, and hydro-economics with the primary objective of enhancing yield, productivity, and profitability of the agricultural industry. Agriculture is one of the world’s largest sources of food. In the United States alone, agriculture contributes more than 5% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Thus, agriculture technology is a significant element in the overall economic growth of the nation.
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Agriculture is the practice of growing plants and animals for consumption as food, clothing, fuel, or other objects. Livestock production is another aspect of agriculture technology. The major beneficiaries of such developments are the farmers who gain income from the sale of the crops. Agriculture technology enables farmers to increase yields by optimizing plant breeding, management and utilization of plant resources, fertility and growth of livestock, and by preventing pests and diseases. In fact, agriculture has become an integrated system that involves all aspects of farming including agriculture, food processing, nutrition, pharmaceuticals, veterinary science, and sales.
In the present scenario, agriculture technology is witnessing tremendous advancement owing to several factors. One is the advent of new technologies like genetics, bacteriology, and chemistry that enable precision and speed in increasing the productivity of crops. Another factor responsible for this remarkable development is the adoption of modern techniques in the agricultural sector like irrigation, surface runoff, fertilization, and pest control by the farmer. Another important factor is intense marketing campaigns and subsidies by governments to encourage the adoption of modern techniques. These newly introduced techniques enhance the profitability of the farmer and help him attain financial security and optimize the management of resources.
In agriculture technology, there are several tools and machinery that have helped farmers to successfully manage their fields. One such example is the agriculture sensor, which is used to track the productivity of crops, livestock, and other assets using a remote sensing camera. The cameras can detect weeds, unwanted fruits, or other pests in a field and trigger the appropriate tools and machinery to get rid of them before they take over the entire growing area. Farmers need to accurately use these tools to ensure that they manage their crops efficiently.
Agriculture is one sector that has benefited extensively from the introduction of indoor vertical farming systems like hydroponics, agro-chemicals, and GPS-based tractors. With the help of these modern devices, farmers can improve crop production by maximizing inputs such as water, fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides. The result is that their farms produce more per acre. This is because these modern farming systems are able to conserve natural resources, thereby conserving the environment and thus, promoting biodiversity.
Agronomics is another tool in agriculture technology that has made it possible to cultivate a wider variety of crops by ensuring greater precision in the timing of planting. This process uses advanced molecular biology and computer software to fine-tune and perfect the timing of the crops. The major advantage of this system is its ability to provide crop yield predictions that are highly dependable. With the application of this method, farmers are able to optimize the use of fertilizers, water, and nutrients. In addition, it also improves the traceability of produce. In simple terms, farmers are able to track every aspect of the growing process, right from the fertilizers used to the irrigation and the harvesting.
The other tool in agriculture technology that has helped farmers achieve better control over their fields is the adoption of livestock management. Livestock management involves the identification and breeding of specific crops so that they can survive in specific environments and climates. This has resulted in the increased productivity of the farmlands. Using this technique, farmers can control pest invasions, diseases, and weather conditions. For example, by training animals to grow taller to cope with extreme weather conditions, farmers can increase yield levels.
The third tool in agriculture technology used by farmers is irrigation management. Irrigation systems usually fall under two categories: mechanical and electronic. With the help of this technology, farmers are able to increase crop production by improving water usage. There are a variety of pumps and controllers used for irrigation; however, manual watering may prove to be insufficient in some cases. With this tool, farmers are able to adjust the level of water so that the crops grow best.