The Growing Impact Of Agriculture Technology On The Environment
Agriculture technology is the application of technologies in agriculture, particularly with the intent of enhancing profitability, productivity, and quality of agricultural products. This technology can be physical products, processes, or services derived directly from agriculture which enhance various agricultural inputs/outputs. It also can involve processes such as genetic engineering, soil improvement, pest control, etc. Agriculture is one of the world’s largest and diversified natural resources. Agriculture is a significant player in the global economy contributing more to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) than any other sector.
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Agriculture technology involves the management techniques and the technologies necessary for the increase of crop yields, improved quality, and productivity of agricultural products and livestock, reduction in feed costs, and adverse effects on natural habitats. There are three important areas of agriculture science: agriculture genetics, chemistry and physiology. Agriculture genetics deals with the management of plant genetics especially micro-organisms such as viruses, bacteria, and plants themselves; agriculture genetics technology applies to the study of these organisms. Chemical crops are those that contain synthetic substances to increase their shelf life or to improve their colour, flavour or texture, while insect-resistant plants are those that are resistant to insects; crops are those varieties of plants that grow by means of rhizomes, the first root of the plant.
The growth of scientific and technological advancements have contributed largely to the development of agriculture. Agriculture research and agriculture technology are interrelated. Agriculture research deals with the improvement of agricultural production, improving the quality of agricultural products, and reducing the cost and risk of agricultural production. agriculture technology is used to improve the productivity and increase the marketability of agricultural products. The use of advanced farming methods is one of the most important components of agriculture technology. This has helped farmers to become more efficient in producing food.
One of the most important components of agriculture technology is the improved cropping system. The present crop structure is unsuitable for the increasing population. Biologists have been involved in improving the crop structure by crossbreeding some crop varieties and making them highly desirable. The improved crop variety is selected and released into the field in a planned way so that it would be able to provide good returns to the farmers.
Agriculture technology improves the cropping system by ensuring that adequate storage is available for storage soils that are not suitable for plant growth. In the modern milieu, crop residues that have been used for animal feed are often left on the land as wastage. This waste material should not be dumped on the land as it contains vital nutrients that are necessary for plant life. In addition, the wastes should be handled and transported in such a manner that they do not contaminate the surrounding soil. Agriculture technology helps to solve these issues.
Another important application of agriculture technology is its usage in determining the quality of the soil before the cultivation begins. Soils have different levels of fertility depending upon their composition. In this regard, various sensors are available that allow the farmers to adjust the fertilizer and pesticide use to suit the varying needs of the crops. In addition, the sensors determine the moisture level in the soil and also detect any surface damage that may be occurring due to pests or diseases.
One of the other major advantages of agriculture technology is its contribution to the development of hydroponic farming. Hydroponic farming involves the cultivation of plants in water containing solutions that feed the plants. Hydroponic gardening is a new development and the major drivers behind it advance in agriculture technology that has made use of hydroponics tools and equipment. Hydroponic fertilizers are obtained from different sources and they can either be purchased from the market or made at home by mixing together substances that come from different plants. Agriculture experts believe that the demand for this new product will increase in the years to come and so hydroponics is an area that looks set to make significant headway in future years.
Agriculture technology is constantly evolving and improving. This progress is very important for farmers who depend largely on traditional farming methods to produce food on a large scale. In fact, many of the techniques that have been developed in the agricultural sector have helped to increase the yield per crop as well as reducing costs associated with conventional farming. In addition, the impact of agriculture technology on the environment is becoming increasingly clear. With many advancements in technology being put into place, we are likely to see many more innovations taking place in the coming years.