An Introduction To Agriculture Technology

 

Agriculture technology is the application of technology in agriculture, forestry, and horticulture with the main goal of enhancing productivity, efficiency, and profit. Agriculture is one of the world’s largest industries and employs millions of people worldwide. It is one of the drivers of the world economy. One out of every eight jobs in the United States is related to agriculture. Agriculture produces food, fuels, fiber, livestock, plants, timber, and biomass.

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The advancements in agriculture technology are being seen in the field of animal and crop sciences. Modern agronomy has emerged as one of the most important branches of science. Agriculture is known for its role in feeding the world. Proper management and handling of biological resources and soils are very essential for healthy production. Agriculture technology helps in controlling the inputs used in the farming process and determines the number of nutrients that can be exploited for the growth of crops.

In the present scenario, there has been tremendous growth in demand for improved quality products in agriculture. This is because of the changing lifestyles and increasing food and fuel requirements. As per the latest statistical data, almost 50% of the world’s population is engaged in agriculture. Agriculture technology is a crucial part of the contemporary agriculture system. There are four major categories of modern agricultural technology – agro-tech, horticultural, vertical farming, and environmental technology.

Agro-tech is an application of science to improve the productivity of the soil. This involves the use of improved crop and livestock management techniques and tools to enhance production levels and improve the quality of the soil. This also involves the implementation of tillage systems to optimize the efficiency of production and minimize inputs. Techniques like Intensive Planting, cover cropping, and platter raking are utilized in agro-tech to increase the productivity of crops and livestock. In addition to these, other methods like mechanical sorting, crop rotation, soil thermometer, and other techniques are also adopted.

Intensive Planting technology is another important ingredient of agriculture technology. It concentrates more on crop production by ensuring that fertilizers and pesticides are applied when necessary. The technologies used in this field have great demand in developing countries. These technologies help to protect crops from pests and to improve yield.

Vertical farming is a popular strategy adopted by many farmers all over the world. This is one of the most commonly implemented techniques of agriculture technology. The principles of vertical farming include mechanical sowing and plowing techniques to ensure that the product is not damaged by harsh weather conditions. This technique does not use chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Biotechnology methods and chemicals are neither employed in the practice of vertical farming. However, there are some farmers who use genetic modifications to protect their valuable crops.

Climate change is a major concern for farmers in the present and future. There is an increased concern about the impact of this phenomenon on food production. In such situations, agriculture technology comes to play a vital role in providing appropriate adaptation plans for crops and different types of livestock. One of the solutions to this problem is irrigation systems that have sensors to monitor soil moisture levels, temperature, wind flow, and solar radiation.

Hydroponics and indoor gardening have become prominent concerns in the last few decades. With increasing awareness about the long-term effects of pesticides and chemical fertilizers, traditional farming methods are losing out to these practices. These techniques are not only hazardous for health but also affect the environment adversely. In such a scenario, hydroponics and indoor gardening are gaining popularity as alternatives. Hydroponic gardening focuses on supplying nutrient-rich nutrient-filled solutions directly to plant roots with no contact with soil. On the other hand, h2grow systems make use of water reservoirs for growing plants in nutrient-laden water that is later circulated to produce desired results.